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Ingram Chair by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, high and low back
The Art Nouveau style appeared popular the premature 1880s and was lost as WW1 was starting. For a brief, wise moment, Art Nouveau was a shining seminal portable popular Europe's municipal centres, municipal and of its time. Perhaps artists, architects and craftsmen examined the unhesitating municipal growth and technological advances that followed the Industrial Revolution, and hated them.
In 1888 British designer Charles Ashbee usual a workshop and school for artisans popular London. Ashbee's furniture and metalwork designs reflected a further rectilinear version of art nouveau style. In the schematic arts, Aubrey Beardsley drew illustrations for periodicals. Beardsley's vigorous use of line and special double-curves and whiplash lines was indeed Art Nouveau. Art nouveau architecture popular Brussels flourished popular the 1890s with work of vernacular designers Victor Horta and Henry van de Velde.
Horta Museum 1890s
In 1895 popular Paris, the name of the Art Nouveau movement was finally virtual because of the art gallery La Maison de l'Art Nouveau, which was opened as a showroom for the untried art of Siegfried Bing. Paris supplementary also a touch of glamour to Art Nouveau with the Divine Sarah Bernhardt and her men: Alfons Mucha (see my prior blog) and René Lalique.
This rich, voluptuous style appealed to a wealthy elite whose taste encouraged designers to innovate. The scenic sense of Art Nouveau was utterly feminine and voluble popular form, colour and line; the usual shape was a streamlined tortuous line, especially vines with twirling tendrils or a nymph with flowers popular her thick streamlined hair. Frivolous or not, the style's patterns and motifs were taken primarily from nature.
The question here is did CRM, a man who started his career popular the midst of Art Nouveau, ultimate his career popular a further modernist style? Consider when CRM was studying and when he unparalleled started work. CRM attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art popular the tardy 1880s. The seminal environment of the Glasgow School was vital to the young man's seminal development. Luckily this school was one of UK's most successful and sequential popular the 1880s and 90s. After completing his apprenticeship, young CRM quickly agitated to the architectural practice of Honeyman & Keppie popular 1889.
Willow tearooms, Deluxe
CRM's Highback Chair
Finally we get to 78 Derngate, a Georgian terrace house popular Northampton, CRM didn't extensively remodel it until popular 1916-7. By that time, Art Nouveau had run its race and the owner, Mr Bassett-Lowke, probably favoured a geometric, further modernist style anyhow. But CRM decorated the hall-lounge and bed rooms popular thrilling matte swarthy and bold, stubborn stripes. Even the stairs were walled with a grid of recondite glass squares to admit light.
Note that the very swinging style at Derngate was similar to that of the Library at Glasgow School of Art, which had been completed 9 years earlier. CRM was reusing and refining a untried style he already loved.
As time went on, CRM busy bolder geometric forms popular place of organic-inspired symbolic decoration. Was Mackintosh a revolutionary, delaying the modernist programme with a call to radical architecture? My respective guess was that he was a orthodox whose version of Art Nouveau was always further geometric than further artists'.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh: Plumbing Life's Depths blog  had reputed Mackintosh was using the power of implication and minimalism to introduce the radical and human posterior into a void architecture. Istead he seemed to have been a sensible modernist picking his way from an radical (Art Nouveau) tradition toward a further modernist programme. Finally Woken blog  agreed, saying that Mackintosh became known as the pioneer of the modernism, although his designs were distant retiring from the untoward utilitarianism of Modernism.